2/21/2021 what I’ve learned in this semester

What I’ve learned this semester  is there are 4 different blood types. Type A, B, AB, and O. Type AB can get blood from all the different blood types but type O is the opposite and only gives blood. We had this fun experience with water colored water and it gave me a better understanding of how the blood types work in a blood transfusion. Another thing I learned was how the heart flows and the different parts of the heart. All of this was really interesting to me. We cut pears to see how the blood flowed in them.


The other thing we learned was smoking, and how it affects the body. For example Smoking can Cause HIV! Did you know that when you smoke your dog has 2x the chance of getting lung cancer from second hand smoking. Smoking doesn’t only effect your heart/lungs but it also effects your eyes. It also increases your risk of getting Buerger’s Disease. And often cause COPD.




1. What will help us stop smoking

2. How much pollution do cigarettes put into the world on average Per day.

3.  How often do people get

2-14-2021 Rosa peace

A Rosa peace or hybrid tea rose is a rose. Their scientific name is Rosa ‘Madame A. Meilland. Rosa peace got voted into the rose hall of fame in 1976, and later got the award rose of the 20th century. It’s one of the most famous flowers in the world. It was bred by Francis Meilland in France, 1935. It’s season of interest is late spring, summer, and early to mid fall.


It’s height is 129-210cm. It’s spreading is 60-90cm. It’s spacing is 90cm. Rosa peace heat zones are 5-9. In 1939 They became an invasive species to Germany.  Their garden style is city&courtyard, cutting garden, informal, and cottage etc.




1. What made this flower so famous?

2. How did they make it a hybrid?

3. How easy is it to get this flower?

1/29/2021 bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder also known as manic depression is a mental disorder that creates very dramatic  mood swings and severe changes in physical  behavior.  When you have bipolar disorder you can overly happy or excited. Then you can feel the complete opposite, depressed, sluggish and horrible. Most people with bipolar disorder deal with more depressive symptoms than hypomania symptoms. There are different types of bipolar disorder. For example bipolar disorder 1 is when you have very extreme erratic behavior for a week or two then suddenly you’re very depressed and down for another one to two weeks. Bipolar disorder 2 is similar to bipolar disorder one but less severe.


There is no single way to get bipolar disorder. There is no simple way to get bipolar disorder. There are ways that can increase your chances. For example genetics but other than that doctors don’t know how people get it. The disorder tends to develop in your early adult years unless you were born with it. Women are most likely to get this disorder. Women also tend to be more in that depressive state than men. Women tend to get bipolar disorder 2 and be affected by seasonal change more.




1. How many people have bipolar disorder ?

2. Why are women more likely to have it?

3. Who discovered bipolar disorder?


ACID 1/10

Acid is a drug that has no lethal overdose.The street names for Acid are dots, trips, tabs, microdots, Lucy.  Acid is known for giving hallucinations, distorted visual perception of shapes and colors. The bad side of this drug is that it gives mental and physical negative effects. It can give anxiety and depression, Rapid heart rates, difficulty sleeping ect. Acid was created in 1938, Basel, Switzerland. It was popularized in the 1960s by Timothy Leary. Acid is most common in the UK.



3.6% of 12th graders have done acid. Acid is the 9th most popular drug on the streets. In 2020 LSD Acid rates went up by 56%. The most common ages to get addicted to acid are ages 12-17. The most common form of acid is drops of its solution dried on gelatin sheets, pieces of blotting paper, or sugar cubes. Those other forms are tablets, liquid, or in capsules. Bottom line don’t do Acid, or drugs unless necessary.


1. How is acid so easy to find?!?

2. How is acid made?

3. What are the rates of death caused by acid?





12/13/2020 ALCOHOL

Alcoholism is a very bad addiction. This year ALONE 49,075 people have died of alcohol with the numbers going up every couple of seconds. Alcohol consumption may give the user heightened emotions (including anger and aggression, poor balance, slurred speech, dizziness, disturbed sleep, nausea and vomiting, ect. excessive use of alcohol may lead to abuse, and drug addiction. When in the state of alcohol affects you may feel relaxation, euphoria, excitement, and more. Short term effects of alcohol is that it’s  harmful to the body’s tissue. In 2019 NSDUH 14.1 million people 18+ have AUD (alcohol use disorder) 8.9 million men and 5.2 women. 414,000 people from age 12-17 has AUD 163,000 male and 251,000 females. Last year in 2020 2.8 million people died because of excessive alcohol consumption.




More than 10% of American kids live with alcoholic parents. 39.7% of people ages 12-20 have taken at least one drink in their lifetime. In 2019 52.5% of full time college students ages 18-22 have been reported binge drinking. 1,825 college students from the ages 18-22 die of alcohol-related unintentional injuries. 97,000 students between the ages of 18 and 24 has experienced alcohol-related sexual assault or date rape. In 2018 83,517 liver disease deaths among individuals ages 12 and older. 42.8% of those deaths were called because of alcohol. Drinking increases risk of cancer in the mouth, esophagus, pharynx, liver, and breast.



  1. Why do men drink more than women
  2. Who gave 12 year olds alcohol!?
  3. Why aren’t colleges more strict on drinking rules?





Kidney stones are when minerals form crystals inside the kidneys. Kidney stones are more painful for men than women because Men have longer urinary systems. The kidney stone can cause pain and blood in the urine. Other Kidney stones can block the flow of urine all together. Kidney stones can make swelling in the kidney which will cause lower back pain while having one. If a Kidney stone is not treated they may cause long term damage to the kidneys. It’s rare for kids to have kidney stones but if it does happen most likely it was because of a medical condition they already had which increased their chances.Things that can cause kidney stones are not drinking enough water. Eating too much salt. Not having enough citric acid in the urine. 

illustration of kidney stones







The treatment for kidney stones varies. Some are just treated by drinking a lot of water while on painkillers. While others are more severe. You might have to get intravenous IV fluids, and very strong painkillers. Or they’ll have a laser surgery. If you have a very large kidney stone it will rarely pass on their own and will require surgery. The surgery is when they open you up and remove it. There are ways to avoid kidney stones or reduce your chances of getting one. You can drink lots of liquids but avoid dark sodas, soft drinks or sport drinks. Avoiding excessive caffeine is also good. Tea can stress out your kidneys too. If  your urine is almost  clear you’re drinking enough water.  Not only does this decrease your risk in kidney stones but also kidney failures. 



  1. How painful is a kidney stone?
  2. What do the doctors do with the kidney stone after it’s removed?
  3. Do people keep their kidney stones?

11/15 OCD

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is when you have excessive urges to do certain actions. Even though people with OCD know that their actions don’t make sense they are usually unable to stop it. With some OCD there are big obsessions that can become harmful and last a lifetime. As in obsession with hurting oneself or others. The exact cause of this disorder is unknown, but researchers think it’s because certain areas in the brain may not respond normally to serotonin. Genetics are also important. If your parents or siblings have OCD there is a 25% another immediate family member will have it.  As most other mental disorders the treatment is either medication or therapy.



2.2 million adults are affected with OCD. 25% of cases are diagnosed by 14. 1/3 of adults’ first symptoms are in childhood. The four types of OCD are checking, Contamination / Mental Contamination, Symmetry and ordering, Ruminations / Intrusive Thoughts, and hoarding. 1 in 100 children in the U.S are affected. And 1-40 adults are affected by this disorder. Since COVID-19 has happened OCD rates have gone up and more cases have been developed. If you want to learn more about that it’s linked in this article    adaa.org/…/protecting-yourself-against-covid-19-doesnt



  1. How serious can OCD be
  2. d0es OCD lead into any other mental health issues?
  3. does OCD lead to any other health issues?

11/8 Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder is a disorder that makes you have very dramatic mood shifts. And or energy and ability to think clearly. These mood shifts will switch from stuff known as mania to depression. The average age of this disorder is 25, but it can occur in teens. This disorder effects men and women equally. With 2.8% of the U.S. population are diagnosed. 83% of cases are severe. If left untreated BD becomes more and more severe.









The symptoms of BD are distinct manic or depression that may go on for long periods of time. Severe bipolar with manic or depression will be accompanied by hallucinations or delusions. These psychotic symptoms can be mistakenly diagnosed as schizophrenia. People with BD may not understand the negative consequences of their actions. If you have BD suicide is an ongoing danger. Many people with BD give off manic vibes. The three main causes of BD are genetics, stress, and brain structure and function.



  1. how many people have BD globally?
  2. why doesn’t BD have much awareness on it?
  3. how hard is it to live with BD?






10/5/2020 ANXIETY

Everyone has some sort of anxiety, some more extreme than others but we all have it. They’re normal anxiety and more serious anxiety that may need medical attention. Medications like SSRIs, Anxiolytic, Sedative and more. Anxiety disorders have many different and unique symptoms but one thing they have in common is excessive fear or worry over a situation that is non threatening. The emotional symptoms for this are feeling apprehension or dread, feeling tense or jumpy, restless or irritability, and anticipating the worst and being watchful for times of danger.  Physical symptoms are pounding or racing heart beat, shortness of breath, sweating, tremors and twitches, headaches, fatigue and insomnia, upset stomach, and frequent urination and diarrhea.

There are various types of anxiety as in Generalized Anxiety disorder (GAD), Social Anxiety disorder, Panic disorder. Anxiety is the most common mental disorder in the US. Affecting 40 million adults. 18.1% of the population is effected by this each year. The cause of anxiety can be two things. 1. genetics 2. environment. The treatments for anxiety can be psychotherapy, medication, and complementary health approaches.



  1. how much has the anxiety rate gone up by this year?
  2. What age is anxiety highest at?
  3. how do you calm someone down from an Anxiety attack?

9/27 / 2020 ED

There are different types of Ed (Eating disorders). Anorexia has the highest mortality rate than any other mental disorders. Though there is no correct answer on how this eating disorder is caused, it is all on how the person mentally feels. The social norms in this generation do have a very big effect on this. Some symptoms of these disorders are loss of at least 15% of body weight, intense fear of weight gain, insistence of keeping weight below a healthy minimum. Anorexia is when you starve yourself, excessive exercise. This disorder is or can be very serious and deadly.



Another eating disorder is Binge Eating Disorder (BED). BED is the most popular eating disorder in the US. What happens when you have BED is that you eat large amounts of food, then after eating all of it you get very guilty. The guilt turns into unhealthy eating habits like  throwing up their food.  3.5% of women have this, and 2% of men are also affected. Health risks of having BED are type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, Gallbladder disease, certain cancers, Ect.

1 in 10 people who have an eating disorder will not get treatment for it. 50% of girls by the ages 11-13 will think they are overweight. 95% of all eating disorders are from the ages 11-25. 80% of 13-year-olds have attempted to lose weight. Even though so many people have eating disorders the prices to get treatment are very high, about $100,000 or more.



  1. If so many people have eating disorders why are prices to get it treated so high?
  2. Why are people not taking this mental illness as serious as they should?
  3. If we show more body positivity will the ED rates decrease significantly?